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ISSN: 0134-3289
E-ISSN: 2617-8060
DOI: 10.32906
» » The apprenticeship as a method of education and training in the classical Azerbaijan social system

The apprenticeship as a method of education and training in the classical Azerbaijan social system

24 sentyabr 2019, Çərşənbə axşamı
67
Akbar N. Najaf 
A researcher of general Turkish history of the Middle Ages. Azerbaijan, Baku. E-mail: ekbernecef@gmail.com

Abstract. The apprenticeship is a form of expression in our oral literature that is the name of the method of teaching in the classical teaching system. The origin of this method, which is used in medieval Turkic sources as “chiraq” (novice), extends to ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia period. Basically, this ancient form of learning, which is a mechanism for teaching and advising the child, was then applied in every area of art. As a result of this, in ancient and medieval history, it was formed a special system of communication, called "usta-çıraq" (master-apprentice or novice) or "master-student”. This method of learning, which is mainly maintained by Ashug (old narrative and musical tradition) art in our country, continues today to be the main method of education in many Eastern countries. It is claimed that pre-capitalist labor relations arose from the continuation of apprenticeship in relations that constitute the proportion of non-homogenous learning. Such a method of teaching and education, which is the basic form of the transmission of knowledge from one generation to another, is found in almost every culture in the world. However, it is difficult to fully comprehend the essence of this issue, as the modern rationalist, pragmatist, and Marxist economic theorists, as well as researchers who support their views, claim that it has emerged only from labor and knowledge relations. Because there is a great deal of historical evidence that this system of attitudes has mystical aspects related to deep rituals. Taking into account the historical depth of the issue, the different scientific approaches to the subject, and the fact that it has changed its original meaning and content over time. in this article it was decided to focus primarily on the Apprenticeship system as a method of teaching children in classical Azerbaijani education.

Keywords: Apprenticeship, novice, master, society, lodge, education, etc.
To cite this article: Nəcəf Ə. (2019) The apprenticeship as a method of education and training in the classical Azerbaijan social system. Azerbaijan Journal of Educational Studies. Vol. 687, Issue II, pp. 193–203.
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