Analysis of comparative study of the «Hayat bilgisi» curriculum for primary school students

by Ulviyya Mikayilova - Assistant professor, PhD in biological sciences, ADA University, Azerbaijan, Baku, E-mail: umikailova@ada.edu.az 

Azerbaijan Journal of Educational Studies (AJES). No2, 2018. pp. 75–88
Download PDFpdf icon

Abstract
The State Strategy on development of education in Azerbaijan emphasized a need to adjust the national education system to challenges of human capital development and bring qualitative indicators of general education to European standards. Stating that national curriculum for general education lags behind the modern requirements, the strategy prioritized the importance of developing competence-based curriculum conducive to learning skills, knowledge and priorities of the country’s socio-economic development which is aimed to create a knowledge-based economy. This priority indicates the Government’s commitment to ensuring that the new National Curriculum compares favorably with the curricula in the highest performing countries, and sets rigorous requirements for pupil attainment which measure up to the highest standards set internationally. The results of Azerbaijani primary school students in Science TIMSS 2011 testings were below TIMSS average score, and that caused the study interest in exploring the reasons for the country students’ poor results in science. For this purpose, a comparative analysis of the Azerbaijani primary school science curriculum against the corresponding document of the Russian Federation. This country was selected for comparison guided by the high results of the TIMSS Survey in parts of Science in 2015, as well as because it inherits the same education past. TIMSS 2015 Science Curriculum Assessment Framework was also a part of the comparative analysis. The conducted analysis identifies the level of relevance of Azerbaijani science curriculum to both analysed science curricula through comparison of content and cognitive domains and some science practices across selected curricula. This paper presents initial findings on what can be learned from the analysis of curricula of high-performing countries. In particular, this analysis may tell the Government in devising a new National Curriculum which measures up to the highest international standards.
Keywords: primary school, Azerbaijan, TIMSS 2015.

References:
  1. Ciascai, L. (2009) . Comparative study on Romanian school science Curricula and the curriculum of TIMSS 2007 Testing. Act Didactica Napocensia, Volume 2, Number 2 Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/ fulltext/EJ1052386.pdf.
  2. Collins, R. (2014) Skills for the 21st Century:teaching higher-order thinking, Curriculum and Leadrship Journal, Issue: Volume 12, Issue 14. Retrieved from http://www.curriculum.edu.au/leader/teaching_higher_order_thinking,37431.html?issueID=12910.
  3. Ministry of Education (2014). Life Knowldge Curriculum. Retrieved from http://82.194.5.14/images/kurikulumTam/heyat%20bilgisi.pdf.
  4. OECD 2011a. Quality Time for Students: Learning In and Out of School. Paris, OECD.
  5. Science Education in Europe: National Policies, Practices and Research (2011). The Education, Audiovisual and Culture Executive Agency (EACEA P9 Eurydice). Retrieved from http://eacea.ec.europa.eu/education/eur.
  6. State Strategy on Development of Education in Azerbaijan Republic (October 24, 2013). Retrieved from http://www.president.az/articles/9779.
  7. Steiner-Khamsi, G. (2003). ‘The politics of League Tables’. Journal of Social Science Education 1. [pdf]. Available at: http://www.jsse.org/2003/20031/pdf/khamsi-tables-1-2003.pdf [Accessed 20 September 2010].
  8. Takayama, K. (2008). ‘The politics of international league tables: PISA in Japan’s achievement crisis debate’, Comparative Education, 44(4), pp. 387-407.
  9. The Surrounding World for the Fourth Grade (2011). Retrieved from https://infourok.ru/rabochaya-programmapookruzhayuschemu-miru-v-klasse 1286208.html.
  10. TIMSS 2015 Encyclopdia (2015). Retrieved from http://timss2015.org/encyclopedia/countries/russianfederation/the-science-curriculum-in-prima ry-and-lower-secondary-grades/.
  11. TIMSS 2015 Science Curriculum Assessment Framework (2015). Retrieved from https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/ timss2015/frameworks.html.
  12. TIMSS 2011 Science Achievement (2011).Retrieved from https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/data-release-2011/pdf/Overview-TIMSSand-PIRLS-2011-Achievement.pdf.
  13. TIMSS 2015: 20 Years of Monitoring Trends (2015). Retrieved from https://timssandpirls.bc.edu/timss2015/downloads/T15_FW_Intro.pdf.
  14. TIMSS 2015. Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (2015).http://www.iea.nl/timss-2015.
  15. UNESCO, Discussion Document No. 5. (2014).Education Systems in ASEAN+6 Countries:A Comparative Analysis of Selected
    Educational Issues Education Policy and Reform Unit UNESCO Bangkok. Retrieved from http://www.unesco.org/open-access/
    terms-use-ccbysa-en.
  16. Федеральный государственный образовательный стандарт начального общего образования (1-4 классы),
    утвержден приказом Минобрнауки России (от 6 октября 2009 г. № 373б. Учительская газета, от 22 сентября 2011
    г. № 2357.
  17. Программа курса «Окружающий мир». Пояснительная записка. Предметная область «Естествознание,
    обществознание», (2011). Retrieved from https://refdb.ru/look/2164054.html.
Back to Top